How easy is it to contract an STD? Two doctors give us the scoop
Hey, dear readers. In case you didn’t know, April is STD Awareness Month, and we’re using this opportunity to arm you with all the sexually transmitted disease (STD) knowledge you need to go about your sex life in a safe (and fun) way. There’s a lot of misinformation out there, so we’re hoping to answer the most important questions you may have about STDs and STIs, giving you peace of mind and making you feel empowered about your sexual health.
One thing you may be wondering is exactly how easy it is to contract an STD. There are many myths and misconceptions about STDs out there, but one thing is certain: Getting an STD is incredibly common. Don’t panic — we got the scoop from two OB/GYNs, who insist that the numbers shouldn’t necessarily scare you.
HelloGiggles spoke with Margaret Polaneczky, M.D. FACOG, Associate Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology at Weill Cornell Medicine, who confirms that getting an STD is quite common.
But before you freak out, it’s important to understand the facts and realize that this may not be as big a deal as you think.
When it comes to STIs, it’s very important to point out the demographics. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), adolescents and young adults in the 15 to 24 age range have twice the rate of STIs than the general population. Half of all STIs occur in this age group, eve though they make up a quarter of the population. That’s why arming young people with information is so crucial, says Montana-based OB/GYN Gina Nelson, M.D.
There are a few reasons why young people, in particular, are more susceptible to STIs. Dr. Nelson tells HG there’s a “lack of information about how STIs are acquired.” This is paired with “more partners” that are “less likely to use condoms, but more likely to mix alcohol and drugs with sex.”
Lastly, a “lack of access to care where screening and treatment of STIs can occur.” That’s not the best combination of factors.
Yikes. But what are the chances for a sexually active person to actually get an STI?
Dr. Polaneczky agrees, adding that “spermicides can increase the chances of HIV transmission, so condoms with spermicides should be avoided.”
In addition to regular condom use, you have the option for getting a vaccine for two STIs — HPV and hepatitis B. No matter what kind of precautions you take, though, Dr. Nelson urges everyone who has sex to “be regularly tested and treated for any STIs.” Noted.
Dr. Nelson advises against “high-risk sexual practices,” such as having multiple sex partners without knowing much of their background, combining drugs and alcohol with sex, etc. Finally, if you’re ever unsure of what you’re about to get yourself into, Dr. Nelson urges, “The only sure way not to get an STI is not to have sex.”
However, even though you’re now armed with knowledge to make safe choices with your sexual health, it’s also important to remove the stigma attached to an STD diagnosis.
We couldn’t agree more. Everyone has sex — just like everyone eats, poops, and sleeps — and that’s nothing to be ashamed of. It’s not great that STDs are a common thing to catch, but it does remind us that it shouldn’t be a taboo topic. Encourage others to speak about their experiences and get tested. The safer sex we all have, the better our health will be. Have fun and be safe!