Egypt – a politically, environmentally and economically unstable nation – is facing drastic changes starting yesterday. Hopefully. Mohammed Morsi was freely elected just last year, inheriting an avalanche of issues the Egyptian people had been struggling with for a long time. The country has extremely high rates of poverty and unemployment, its public services and infrastructure has been crumbling and Egypt also faces massive foreign debt. As terrible of a state former president Hosni Mubarak left Egypt in, Morsi both failed to help reconstruct the failing economical system and, in fact, made matters worse. During Morsi’s presidency, the Egyptian pound has declined in value against the dollar, tourism has dried up and domestic debt as risen to around 187 billion US dollars.
On Wednesday, Egypt’s armed forces overthrew Morsi. Egyptian Army General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has informed the nation that in order to better the country and listen to its people, Mohammed Morsi will no longer serve as Egypt’s leader. As well as taking the power away from Morsi, the country’s constitution (which many felt was too deeply rooted in Islamic beliefs, but I’ll get to that shortly) has also been suspended. Currently, the Chief Justice of Egypt’s Constitutional Court is serving as president until a new leader can be elected.
Millions of Egyptians had lost faith in Morsi, so when his presidency was taken away from him, people rejoiced and welcomed the military to turn things around. However, since Morsi affiliated himself with The Muslim Brotherhood, his ostracism not only created sparks with the political Islamists, but also illustrated how the Brotherhood has failed to uphold Democracy in Egypt. For many Egyptians, Morsi’s mentality and political outlook was seen as “repressive and Islamist,” and before the passage of the new constitution, “Morsi tried to claim special emergency powers, violent clashes erupted between Brotherhood supporters and their political opponents” (Buzzfeed).
Morsi had two days to make peace between the Brotherhood and its opponents. Earlier today during “the final hours,” many of Morsi’s supporters rallied in Nasr City; the Brotherhood pointed out that Islamists will never have faith in democracy after this event, after they had witnessed democracy as such a flighty concept that was ultimately being stolen from them. Yasser Hag, a doctor, medical professor and Brotherhood member, warned the nation: “This is playing with fire. Islamists will never again believe in democracy and the ballot boxes.”
What’s important to gather from all this, is that the battle is far from over in Egypt. Countries that struggle with political and religious identity will be in turmoil for a long, long time, its chaos creating a snowball effect that reaches and possibly destabilizes the Middle East and the United States.
Featured image via MSNBC