As it turns out, what makes a word beautiful is one of the Internet’s favorite discussion topics. It’s right up there with kitten GIFs, celebrity breakdowns, and whether or not zombies are scientifically possible. One topic that seems to have been demoted to an afterthought, though, is the existence of ugly words. I’ve written before about the grossest words in the English language as well as the ones that inspire butterfly farms to pop up in your stomach, but ugly words are an entirely different beast. Words that are phonetically ugly don’t necessarily have to possess “gross” connotations like “moist” or “curdle.” Rather, words that are considered “ugly” generally share a number of characteristics. According to Robert Wolverton, Classics professor at Mississippi State, words that are of Germanic origin are more likely to be considered ugly than those that come from Latin or French, as are words with only one syllable. Also, words with consonants like “l” or “m” (aka popular consonants aka the first letters that you offer in a game of hangman) are typically more euphonious than ones including “j”, “g”, “f”, “p”, “v”, or “w.”
Some of the following words abide by such rules. Some of them are just wildly unpopular among Internet folk and myself. Take them or leave them (but actually, just leave them).
Crepuscular (adj.): like twilight
From the Latin word crepusculum, crepuscular refers to “dusk” or something that becomes active in low lighting situations like bats, vampires, or girls that like to go clubbing in dimly lit venues. Not only does crepuscular have the word “pus” wedged right in the middle (please excuse me while I vomit), but it stresses its middle syllable instead of its first, which is supposedly another indicator of linguistic ugliness.
Treachery (n.): betrayal
Around the 1940s, the National Association of Teachers of Speech conducted a survey in order to find the ugliest words in the English language. Among their choices was “treachery,” which comes from the “vulgar Latin” word triccare meaning trick. I might agree with their nominee, if only because saying “treachery” aloud too many times makes me feel like I’m stuttering, and I have enough problems speaking as it is.
Harangue (v.): to address someone loudly and forcefully
Though harangue derives from two of the prettiest romance languages (Italian and French), its unnatural pronunciation brings to mind images of orangutans more than anything else. (They’re pronounced similarly, I’m not just weird.) Although, orangutans are bossy and loud too, so it’s not too far off from the actual definition.
Gripe (v.): to grumble or complaint about something
Not an obvious choice for “ugliest word in existence,” gripe makes the list for being monosyllabic and starting with the less popular consonant “g.” It also has elements of the Old High German word “grifan” meaning “to grasp,” so it fits almost all of the main “ugly” rules. It’s only redeeming factor is that, when said aloud, it can sound like an Australian trying to say “grape,” which is always a plus.
Cacophony (n.): unpleasant, jarring noise
Saying this word in my head is the linguistic equivalent of hearing a knife scrape against a porcelain plate or watching a person crack the spine of a new book. I can only imagine that the inventor of this word was inspired by a nearby stranger having a coughing fit because I see no other explanation as to why “caco” needs to be in there, other than the fact that, you know, it’s a legitimate suffix that adds some level of meaning to the word. Details, shmetails.
Unctuous (adj.): oily; fatty; excessively ingratiating
Maybe it’s the jarring “ct” combination in the middle. Maybe I have a bad history with uncles that resurfaces when I see this term on paper (UNCLE-tuous). Maybe I subconsciously want to create an alliterative combination by labeling unctuous as ugly. Maybe I heard someone say they thought this word was unflattering for no other reason than they just didn’t like it. I don’t know, but all of those reasons seem valid, so I’ve included it in this list.
Fructify (v.): to make productive
I deem this word ugly solely because it looks like a poorly planned portmanteau of rectify and fruit, neither of which really fit the definition. Plus, it has two “f”s in it, which, statistically, means people are more likely to hate it.
Nobody can truly prove that Germanic words are truly more repulsive than French or Italian ones, nor can they say that words with “l” or “m” are innately more pretty than ones with “g” or “c” because everyone has their own preference when it comes to language and sounds. Though people have learned, through surveys and other research methods, that certain combinations are preferred more than others, that doesn’t necessarily mean those “rules” are set in stone. So I ask: what words do you think are the “ugliest” and why? Do you disagree with any of my picks?